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MAMAH BORTHWICK CHENEY (1903 - S.104)
 
  BIOGRAPHY    PHOTOGRAPHS & POSTCARDS    BOOKS  
 
Mamah Borthwick Cheney  (June 19, 1869 - August 15, 1914) Mamah Borthwick was born in Boone, Iowa.  She received a BA at the University of Michigan, and later worked as a librarian in Port Huron, Michigan.  In 1899, she married Edwin Cheney, an electrical engineer from Oak Park, Illinois, USA.  They had two children: John (1902) and Martha (1905).  Edwin commissioned Wright to design them a home in 1903.  In 1909, Mamah and Frank left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year.  Upon their   return, they settled at Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin.  On August 15, 1914, one of Wright's recently hired domestic workers murdered Mamah, both her children, three of Wright's associates, and a son of one of the associates.  He set fire to one wing of Taliesin, and murdered the seven people with an ax as they tried to escape the fire.  At the time, Wright was overseeing work on Midway Gardens in Chicago. Catherine Wright refused to give Wright a divorce until November 13, 1922. 
 
TIMELINE OF WRIGHT'S RELATIONSHIP TO MAMAH BORTHWICK CHENEY:
1903. Wright designs home for Edwin H. and Mamah Borthwick Cheney.
1904. Cheney home completed. Wright continues to develop relationship with Mrs. Cheney.
1909. About June 28, 1909, Mrs. Cheney left Mr. Cheney. Travels to Colorado to visit a friend.
1909. Late October, Wright leaves his family and his practice. Takes a train to New York City where he meets Mrs. Cheney. They immediately board a ship bound for Europe. On Sunday, November 7, 1909 the Chicago Tribune reported the Wright and Cheney were discovered in Berlin. They settle in Florence, Italy for about a year.
1909. Wright turns over Oak Park studio to architect Herman von Holst.
1911. Wright returned to the United States and settled at Taliesin with Mrs. Cheney.
1911. August 6, 1911, Edwin H. Cheney secured a divorce from his wife with custody of the children.
1914. On August 15, 1914, one of Wright's recently hired domestic workers murdered Mamah, both her children, three of Wright's associates, and a son of one of the associates.
 
PHOTOGRAPHS & POSTCARDS
   
Date: 1960/1903

Title: 1) Edwin H. Cheney Residence, Oak Park, Illinois, Perspective 1903 (1903 - S.104).

Description:
Perspective view of the Cheney Residence. Published in Frank Lloyd Wright Preliminary Studies 1889-1916, Pfeiffer, 1991, p.44. Also published in Frank Lloyd Wright In His Renderings 1887-1959, Pfeiffer, 1990, Plate 23. FLLW #0401.017.

Size:
18 x 13.5 Diazo Print

S#:
1458.130.0922 -1
   
Date: Circa 1905

Title: Martha “Mamah” Bouton Borthwick Cheney (June 19, 1869 - August 15, 1914)

Description: Mamah Borthwick was born in Boone, Iowa.  She received a BA at the University of Michigan, and later worked as a librarian in Port Huron, Michigan.  In 1899, she married Edwin Cheney, an electrical engineer from Oak Park, Illinois, USA.  They had two children: John (1902) and Martha (1905).  Edwin commissioned Wright to design them a home in 1903.  In 1909, Mamah and Frank left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year.  Upon their return, they settled at Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin.  On August 15, 1914, one of Wright's recently hired domestic workers murdered Mamah, both her children, three of Wright's associates, and a son of one of the associates.  He set fire to one wing of Taliesin, and murdered the seven people with an ax as they tried to escape the fire.  At the time, Wright was overseeing work on Midway Gardens in Chicago. Catherine Wright refused to give Wright a divorce until November 13, 1922.  Note on Verso, dated 11/15/22 (two days after divorce was granted) “Old love of famous architect who is divorced.  Photo is of Mamah Borthwick Cheney who fled with Frank Lloyd Wright to a ‘Love Hegira’ in Japan, and who died in the flames of the 'Love Bungalow' of herself and Wright, at Spring Green, Wis.  Note: Chicago Herald & Examiner of November 15th carried story of Frank Lloyd Wright divorce.”  Very few images exist.  Meryle Secrest notes in a portrait caption “Frank Lloyd Wright A Biography” 1992, page 196, “The only known photograph of Mamah Borthwick Cheney, published in the Chicago Tribune at the time of her murder, in 1914.” 

Size: Original silver gelatin 8.5 x 6.5 photograph.

S#: 0058.02.0307

   
Date: Circa 1909

Title: Portrait of Mrs. E. H. (Mamah Borthwick) Cheney

Description: Chicago Tribune Photograph. Published in the Chicago Tribune on August 6, 1911 at the time of her divorce and in 1914 at the time of her death.

Courtesy of the Wisconsin Historical Society.

Published in "Frank Lloyd Wright A Biography" Secrest,1992, page 196; "Frank Lloyd Wright, An Interpretive Biography", Twombly, 1973, page 92.

(Note: Mamah Borthwick married Edwin Cheney when she was thirty.  Could this possibly be her wedding photograph? 1899?)

Size: 4.25 x 6 Print, High res digital image.

S#: 0085.05.0509

   
Date: Circa 1910-1914

Title: Mamah Borthwick Cheney

Description: She appears to be just a little older in this photograph than in the other two available photographs. Note: she was 45 at the time of her death (1914). She would have been 41 years old in 1910.

Published in “Many Masks” Gill, 1987, page 207.

Size: 4.75 x 6.5 Print, High res digital image.

S#: 0094.05.0609

   
Very few images of Mamah Borthwick Cheney exist.  The two below on the right are the only other images located to date.  Meryle Secrest notes in a portrait caption (center image below)  “Frank Lloyd Wright A Biography” 1992, page 196, “The only known photograph of Mamah Borthwick Cheney, published in the Chicago Tribune at the time of her murder, in 1914.” 
Detail of photo above
Mamah Borthwick Cheney (1909)
Mamah Borthwick Cheney
   
Date: August 6, 1911

Publication: Chicago Daily Tribune

Description: Originally published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, August 6, 1911, page 3.

Her Spiritual Hegira Ends in His divorce. Cheney Divorces Wife Who Eloped. Oak Park Man Given Custody of Children She Deserted to Flee Abroad. Affinity Tired of Her. Frank L. Wright Received by Spouse After "Spiritual Hegira."

      Edwin H. Cheney of Oak park has secured an absolute divorce from his wife with custody of the children. The decree was entered yesterday by Judge Brentano.
      Thus ends a peculiar marital tangle. Mrs. Cheney, it will be remembered, eloped with Frank Lloyd Wright, architect, about two years ago. Wright deserted his wife and babies. Mrs. Cheney left her husband and family. The two departed for Europe on what they called a "Spiritual hegira."
      Wright, builder of bungalows, tired of the escapade and returned to Chicago. He was taken into the bosom of his family without any stir.
      Mr. Cheney’s suit was filed July 28 in the Superior court, but he did not name Wright or make any charge except desertion.
      Mr. Cheney appeared before Judge Brentano with Eugene G. Fassett, his counsel; Mrs. Armitla A. Cheney, his mother, and Attorney Walter S. Holden, the latter two appearing as witness for him.

Mr. Cheney Testifies.
      "About June 28, 1909, Mrs. Cheney left me, stating that she was not going to return." testified Mr. Cheney. "She also stated three days prior to that time that she was going away and would not come back.
      "Since then she has not returned, neither has she offered to return. While we lived together I conducted myself kindly toward her and showed her every kind attention possible in a husband and supported her to the best of my ability."
      "Did you give her any occasion to leave you?" Attorney Fassett asked Mr. Cheney.
      "No, no occasion at all."
      "And have you at all times had the care, custody, and control of your children."
      "Yes, sir. There is an agreement between us that the children are to remain in my custody."  

His Mother Tells of Desertion.
      Mrs. Cheney, his mother, testified that her son’s wife left him without cause and since then has not returned. Mrs. Cheney lives with her son at 520 North East avenue, Oak Park.
      Attorney Holden took the stand and testified that he was a neighbor of the Cheneys and that he had not seen Mrs. Cheney at or near her husband’s home for the last two years.
      Mrs. Cheney’s entanglement with Wright was not referred to in the bill of Mr. Cheney or by the witnesses.
      In October, 1909, social life of Oak Park was cast into tumultuous disorder by news that Architect Wright, designer of two-tenths of the houses in the suburb, had fled to Europe with the wife of President Cheney of the Electric Manufacturing company and the Fuel Engineering company of Chicago.
      The family has been good friends. No intimation of a closer relationship between Mr. Wright and Mrs. Cheney had been suspected by social associates. Each was the parent of several Children.

Mrs. Cheney Goes from Colorado.
      Talk did not begin until it was discovered that in early October Mr. Wright had sailed for Europe, and that about the same time Mrs. Cheney had disappeared from the residence of a friend whom she was visiting in Colorado. Then gossip began to note trivial little incidents which, in light of the double disappearances, assumed new and enlightening proportions.
      A careful tracing of Wright’s movements disclosed the fact that he had registered Mrs. Cheney and himself as wife and man in German hotels. Some sort of retribution from the injured parties on both sides was expected. It did not come. Mrs. Wright expressed herself as believing that her husband was under the influence of the other woman and that he would shake it aside as soon as possible. She assumed the attitude of a Griselda, waiting patiently with her children for her husbands disillusionment and return. She said nothing bitter, nothing reproachful - she loved him and her love would bring him back.

Husband Comes Back.
      Her faith was vindicated. A year later her husband tired of his new love, tired of a life without good ties, and begged to be taken back, but to this extent her husband’s love did not go.
      At the Cheney residence in Oak Park a woman answered the telephone at night and said Mr. Cheney had left during the day for Minneapolis. The woman said she was the housekeeper. She said the Cheney children would not be back in the city until Thursday.

Courtesy of the Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago Tribune.

Size: 6.5 x 16 copy, High res digital copy.

S#: 0104.03.0609

   
Date: 1912

Title: Detroit Free Press - February 4, 1912 (Published by The Detroit Free Press, Detroit)

Author: New York Herald Co.

Description: Single page printed in color, from the Detroit Free Press, written by New York Herald Co. Now It’s The "Spiritual Hegira." Extraordinary Wright-Cheney Case, in Which the Principles Defied Public Opinion in Defense of a "Principal." "Forms are not sacred. The spirit alone is. There is one thing of greater importance than the home of yesterday, and that is the home of to-morrow." Thus is epitomized the philosophy of life of Frank Lloyd Wright, of Chicago. In perfect accord with his views, he says, is Mamah Bouton Borthwick, formerly Mrs. Edwin H Cheney. Includes a portrait of Frank Lloyd Wright, Edwin H Cheney, Mamah Bouton Borthwick and a view of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Bungalow in Wisconsin.

Size: 17.5 x 22.25

Pages: Pp 6

S#:
0114.24.0218
   
     
   
Date: 1914

Title: The Dodgeville Chronicle - August 21, 1914 (Republished January 6, 2000 by The Dodgeville Chronicle, Dodgeville, Wisconsin)

Author:
Anonymous

Description:
Dodgeville is located 18 miles south of Spring green and is the county seat. "Our most famous article. The following story appeared in our August 14 (21), 1914 addition. No one story in the last 100 years has been reproduced as much as this one. It involves the murders at Frank Lloyd Wright's home near Spring Green, Wisconsin. This article has been written about in magazines, appeared on television and even 86 years later we still get requests from all over the United States for copies of it... Seven Killed and Two Injured by Negro at Wright Bungalow. Murders Mamah Borthwick and Two Children, Then Fells Other Victims with Hatchet as They Jump from Windows of ‘Love Castle’ Which He Fired – ‘Spiritual Hegira’ Frank L Wright and His Soulmate Ended by Her Death – Tragedy Stirs Entire Continent. The most terrible tragedy which has ever taken place in Iowa County occurred at the noon hour on Saturday last at the Wright bungalow at hillside when Julian Carlton, a Negro chef, killed seven people and wounded two more, one of whom may die..." Includes 5 photographs.

Size: 13.75 x 22.75

Pages:
Pp 3

S#:
0124.36.0819

   
Date: 1914

Title: The Dodgeville Chronicle - September 25, 1914; October 2, 1914; October 9, 1914 (Republished January 20, 2000 by The Dodgeville Chronicle, Dodgeville, Wisconsin)

Author:
Anonymous

Description: Dodgeville is located 18 miles south of Spring green and is the county seat. "The Rest of the Story. Two weeks ago in a special issue of The Dodgeville Chronicle, we re-printed an August 21, 1914 article about the murders at Frank Lloyd Wright's home. Since the reprint we have had several calls and letters… This week we are reprinting three articles that will give our readers the end of the story."
1) September 25, 1914: "Negro Slayer Will Be Tried next Week. The case of Julian Carlton, The Negro chef who is charged with the recent tragedy at the Wright bungalow at Hillside, in which seven people were murdered and two others seriously injured and the building almost totally destroyed by fire, will have his trial at the courthouse in this city next week..."
2) October 2, 1914: "Condition of Negro Causes Postponement. Julian Carlton, the Negro chef who is charged with the murder of seven people, assault with intent to kill two more people and of arson, was brought before Judge Clementson of the Iowa county circuit court in the city Tuesday afternoon on the charge of murder... Carlton was carried into the court room by two deputy sheriffs. He feigned unconsciousness, as he did in the preliminary hearing, And was later laid upon a cot..."
3) October 9, 1914: "Negro Slayer Succeeds in Starving Self. Julian Carlton, the Negro chef who killed Mrs. Mamah Borthwick and her two children... When he was first brought to the city he weighed in the neighborhood of 150 pounds but at the time of death it is doubtful if he would weigh more than 90 pounds..." Includes one photograph of Julian Carlton.

Size: 13.75 x 22.75

Pages: Pp 2

S#:
0124.37.0819

   

The Detroit Tribune - August 16, 1914 (Detail)

Date: August 16, 1914

Publication: The Detroit Tribune (Published daily)

Author: Anonymous

Description: 1) Negro Fires "Love Bungalow," Slays Architect’s Soul Mate, and Cuts Down Eight Others. Puts Torch to Wisconsin Cottage of Frank Lloyd Wright of Chicago, and Kills Six and Injures Three as They Crawl Out of Window.
       SPRING GREEN, Wis., Aug. 15 - A mad Negro, armed with a hand ax, today ended the romance of Mamah Bouton Borthwick, formerly Mrs. Edwin H. Cheney, of Oak Park. Ill., and Frank Lloyd Wright, wealthy Chicago Architect, with whom she lived with as a wife since 1911.
     Setting fire to the elaborate bungalow built by Wright for Mrs. Borthwick here after his estrangement from his wife, the Negro stood outside and attempted to brain Mrs. Borthwick and eight other occupants of the building, members of the family and employes (sp), as they fled from the flames. He succeeded in ending her life and the lives of five others, probably fatally injuring a seventh and seriously wounding the remainder.

SLAYER SURRENDERS
Mrs. Borthwick is said to have reprimanded the man, Julian Carlton, a chef in her kitchen. He brooded over this. It is thought, and became insane.
     Carlton disappeared after the killing, but after a search of several hours had been made for him, reappeared. He was hurried into an automobile and rushed to the Iowa county jail, 18 miles away.
     The dead are:
     MRS. MAMAH BOUTON BORTHWICK, cut about the head and neck, her clothing burned.
     MARTHA BORTHWICK CHENEY, her 10-year-old daughter, cut about head.
     JOHN BORTHWICK CHENEY, her 13-year-old son, head chopped open, badly burned.
     EMIL BURDELL, 30, Draughtsman, cut about the head and badly burned.
     TOM BRUNKER, laborer, cut and burned.
     ERNEST WESTON, 18, burned about head.
     The fatally injured:
     David Lindblum, a gardener, cut about the head.
     The seriously injured:
     William Weston, carpenter, cut about the neck and burned.
     Herbert Fritz, cut and burned, arm broken.

HID IN BOILER.
     Sheriff Bauer organized a search for Carlton as soon as he learned of the murder. Posses of farmer joined with the sheriff’s deputies and bloodhound were obtained. It was believed the Negro had escaped down the Wisconsin river in a canoe.
     While neighbors guarded the grounds and the men with the hounds were searching the countryside, Carlton crawled out of a boiler. He was nearly suffocated from the heat and appeared thoroughly exhausted. He said he had taken poison, but would give no reason for the crime.

SOAKED RUG FOR TORCH.
     Carlton, with his wife, had been in Wright’s employ four months, coming here from Chicago. Mrs. Carlton was found dazed after the tragedy, walking along the highway and was taken in custody. She denied any participation in the affair.
     The Negro displayed fiendish ingenuity in arranging his victims for the slaughter. All were in the dining room when he lighted a rug soaked in gasoline in front of the door, according to William Weston, the least seriously injured. In a moment, the room was in flames. But one means of egress, a window, was left.
     Mrs. Borthwick was the first to put her head through the window. The Negro, waiting outside, struck her down with one blow, crushing her skill, then dragged her body out and waited for the next. Little John Cheney followed. His head was split open. Then Burdell fell.

PURSUES FLEEING VICTIM
     "As each one put his head out," said Weston, "the Negro struck, killing or stunning his victim. I was the last. The ax struck me in the neck and knocked me down, but left me conscious. I got up and ran, the Negro after me. Then I fell, and he hit me again. I guess he thought he had me, because he ran back to the window and I got up and ran. When I looked back he had disappeared."
     By this time, Weston said, the bungalow was in flames. Neighbors appeared and later officials of the town. A search was made for Carlton and his wife who were missing. Mrs. Carlton’s apprehension soon followed but no trace of her husband was found.
     The fire was confined to the bungalow and when it had been controlled, neighbors, many of whom had been bitter against Mrs. Borthwick, joined the posse in search of the murderer.
     Word reached here tonight that Wright had left Chicago for Spring Green. He had not been here since Tuesday, when he left for Chicago. Assisted by Burdell, he did much of his architectural work here.

2) Originally published in The Detroit Tribune, August 16, 1914, Page 2
Chicago, Aug. 15. - "Frank Lloyd Wright was in his office when he received a long distance telephone message informing him of the tragedy. He was prostrated and declined to discuss it. Later he left for Spring green."

Size: Original cover price 5 cents. 17.5 x 23.25.

Pages: Pp 1-2

S#: 0124.08.0607

   
Date: 1914

Title: The New York Herald - August 16, 1914 (Published daily by The New York Herald Company, New York)

Author: Anonymous

Description: "Mrs. Mamah Borthwick Cheney ‘Soul Mate’ of Frank Lloyd Wright, Slain by Crazed Servant. Struck down escaping from $60,000 ‘Live (sic) Bungalow’ fired by Negro. Her Young Son and Two Others Also Killed. Bloodhounds Trace Slayer to Wine Cellar, Where He Is Arrested – Precautions Taken Against Lynching. Chicago, Ill., Saturday. Dash Mrs. Mamah Borthwick Cheny (sic) once the wife of Edward H Cheny (sic) and for three years the ‘Soul Mate’ of Frank Lloyd Wright, a widely known architect, was murdered today in the Wright-Cheny (sic) ‘Love Bungalow’ at Spring Green, Wisconsin, by Julius Carlton, a Negro in the employee of Mr. Wright..." Includes three photographs. Sing page only, front and back.

Size: 16 x 22.5

Pages: Pp 1

S#:
0124.54.0222

   
Date: 1914

Title: The Weekly Home News (Spring Green) - August 20, 1914 (Published by The Weekly Home News, Spring Green, Wisconsin)

Author: W. R. Purdy, Editor

Description: 1) "Negro Murder of Seven. Sets Fire to Country Home of Frank Lloyd Wright near Spring Green. Kills Victims with Hatchet as They Attempt to Escape Through Only Unbarred Exit. Julian Carlton, the Murderer, Captured and Safe in the County Jail at Dodgeville – to Have Hearing Thursday. While the members of the household were at dinner, last Saturday, Julian Carlton, a negro servant, fired Frank Lloyd Wright's bungalow, murdered seven and seriously wounded one with a hatchet and another received injuries and jumping from the window... Mr. Wright was in Chicago, we're business and called him several days before, and he escape the murderers hatchet..." The article continues to detail the event, describing how each person was killed. Carlton drank acid which burned his mouth and throat.
2) Frank Lloyd Wright to His Neighbors. To you who have rallied so bravely and well to our assistance – to you who have been invariably kind to us all – I would say something to defend a brave and lovely woman from the pestilential touch of stories made by the press for the man in the street, even now with the loyal fellows laying dead beside her, anyone of them would have given his life to defend her. I cannot bear to leave unsaid things that might brighten memory of her in the mind of anyone. But they must be left unsaid. I am thankful to all who showed her kindness or courtesy and that means many. No community anywhere could have received the trying circumstances of her life among you in the more high minded way. I believe at no time has anything been shown her as she moved in your midst but courtesy and sympathy..."

Size: 15.25 x 21.75

Pages: Pp 1, 5

S#:
0124.35.0819
   
Date: Circa 1953

Title: Edwin H. Cheney Residence, Oak Park, IL Circa 1953 (1903 - S.104).

Description: Detail view of the Southwest corner of the house. The front (West) elevation is on the left, the South elevation is on the right. The large Living Room runs the full length of the front of this four bedroom house. In 1899, Edwin Cheney, an electrical engineer, married Mamah Borthwick Cheney. They had two children: John (1902) and Martha (1905). Edwin commissioned Frank Lloyd Wright to design a home for them in 1903. In 1909, Mamah and Frank left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year. Upon their return, they settled at Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin. On August 15, 1914, one of Wright's recently hired domestic workers murdered Mamah, both her children, three of Wright's associates, and a son of one of the associates. He set fire to one wing of Taliesin, and murdered the seven people with an ax as they tried to escape the fire. The Cheney House is about six blocks from Wright’s Home and Studio. Stamped on verso: "Photo Wayne Andrews." Label: "W 20, USA Arch. The University Gallery. Northrop Memorial Auditorium, University of Minnesota. Minneapolis, Minnesota. Wright, Frank Lloyd. American, 1869-1959. Oak Park, Illinois: Res. E.H. Cheney. Closeup. 1904. Wayne Andrews Photo 1872." Photographed by Wayne Andrews. Acquired from the archives of the University of Minnesota.

Size: Original 10 x 8 B&W photograph.

S#:
0987.114.0420
   
Date: 1969

Title:
Cheney Residence 1969 (1903 - S.104).

Description:
Viewed from the sidewalk, looking Northeast. The walled Terrace is in the foreground on the left. The sidewalk on the right leads past the Terrace and gardens to the Entrance on the South side of the house. Label pasted to verso: "Chicago Tribune. Date: 6/18/69. Subject: Frank Lloyd Wright Homes. Photographer: Jim Mayo. General Caption: Muskox. Story on Frank Lloyd Wright Homes by S. Wolfe. This Home, 520 N. East Ave., Oak Park." Stamped on verso: "Jun 23 1969." Photographed by Jim Mayo. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Tribune.

Size:
Original 10 x 6.75 B&W photograph.

S#:
1803.21.1116
   
  Mamah Borthwick and Edwin H. Cheney Residence, Oak Park Illinois (1903 - S.104). Set of twenty B&W images, photographed on February 11, 1972.
   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence, viewed from the street, looking Northeast in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#1) Terrace is seen in the forefront of the home, entrance is on the right side of the home. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #1 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.13.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence, viewed from the street, looking Northeast in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#2) Terrace is seen on the left, stairs on the right lead to the entrance of the home. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #2 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.14.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Entrance, viewed from the South in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#3) Study is seen on the left, like many of Wright’s designs, the Entrance is hidden in he center. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #3 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.15.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Study in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#4) The Dining Room is seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #4 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.16.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Study in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#5) The Dining Room is seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #5 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.17.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#6) The Dining Room can be seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #6 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.18.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#7) The Dining Room can be seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #7 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.19.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#8) The Dining Room can be seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Fireplace is on the far right. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #8 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.20.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#9) The Dining Room can be seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Fireplace is on the right. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #9 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.21.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#10) The Dining Room can be seen in the background on the left, the Living Room is seen in the foreground. The Fireplace is on the far right. The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #10 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.22.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Study, viewed from the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#11) The Study can be seen in the background on the right, the Living Room book shelves are on the left. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #11 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 6.1 x 10 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.23.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Study, viewed from the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#12) The Study can be seen in the background on the right, the Living Room book shelves are on the left. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #12 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 6.1 x 10 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.24.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Study, viewed from the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#13) The Study can be seen in the background on the right, the Living Room book shelves are on the left. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #13 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 6.1 x 10 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.25.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Dining Room, viewed from the Northwest corner of the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#14) The Kitchen is behind the wall on the far right. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #14 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.26.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Dining Room, viewed from the Northwest corner of the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#15) The Kitchen is behind the wall on the far right. Built-in Dining Room Cabinets on the far right. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #15 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.27.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Dining Room, viewed from the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#16) The Dining Room ceiling pattern is prominent in the top half. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #16 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 6.1 x 10 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.28.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Dining Room, viewed from the Living Room in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#17) The Living Room ceiling pattern is uninterrupted from the Study (behind camera), across the Living Room ceiling, to the Dining Room. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #17 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.29.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#18) The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. The Dining Room can be seen in the background. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #18 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.30.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence Living Room, viewed from the Southeast corner in 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#19) The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. The Dining Room can be seen in the background. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #19 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 10 x 6.1 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.31.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence 1972, (1903 - S.104).

Description: (#20) The Living Room can be seen straight ahead. The Dining Room is on the right. Caption: "Frank Lloyd Wright house owned by Stew Roberts, 520 N. East Avenue, Oak Park." Image #20 of 20, from a roll of 35mm B&W negatives. Photographed by Krejcsi, February 11, 1972. Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Sun -Times.

Size: 6.1 x 10 B&W photograph and 35mm B&W negative.

S#: 1909.32.0911

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104) 1972.

Description: Viewed from the sidewalk, looking Southeast. Terrace is seen on the right, stairs on the left lead to the back entrance into the kitchen. Label on verso: "Date: May 2, 1972. Photographer: Walter Kale. Caption: Edwin Cheney house, 520 N. East Ave. Oak Park." Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Tribune.

Size: Original 10 x 7 B&W Photograph.

S#: 1909.40.0512

   
Date: 1972

Title: Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104)

Description: Viewed from the sidewalk, looking Northeast. Terrace is seen on the left, stairs on the right lead to the entrance of the home. Label on verso: "Date: May 2, 1972. Photographer: Walter Kale. Caption: Edwin Cheney house, 520 N. East Ave. Oak Park." Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Tribune.

Size: Original 10 x 7 B&W Print.

S#: 1909.34.0112

   
Date: 1974

Title: Mamah Borthwick and Edwin H Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104)

Description: Caption pasted on verso: "Stewart and Betty Roberts are looking for someone to live n - and love - their home, without making any changes." Article pasted to verso: "Stewart and Betty Roberts of Oak park have a painstakingly restored 11-room Frank Lloyd Wright house for sale, and almost anyone with $99,000 can have it. But only if the buyer promises not to make any changes. Certainly everyone knows of Wright and of the elegant beauty f the prairie homes he designed. Anyone can view the outside of a dozen of these homes - including this one, the Cheney house built in 1904 - on the regularly scheduled walking tours of Oak Park every Sunday afternoon. It’s surprising then to the Robertses that many potential buyers not only don’t appreciate a Wright house but also would want o rip out rooms, paint the natural wood trim and beams and make other changes that would undermine the warm and comfortable character of this classic house. The Robertses are looking for someone who would love and live in this architectural artwork without making any changes... By Jerry De Muth." Stamped on verso: "Jun 23 1974". Acquired from the archives of the Sun-Times.

Size: Original 10.5 x 8 B&W photograph.

S#: 1963.05.0311

   
Date: 1975

Title: Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104)

Description: Viewed from the sidewalk, looking Southeast. The stairs on the left lead past the gardens on the ride of the house to the back entrance. The Terrace can be seen on the right. Stamped on the verso: "Mar 11 1975. Chicago Tribune Photo by Ray Gora". Clipping pasted to verso: "The Edwin Cheney home designed by Wright in 1904, at 520 N. East Av., Oak Park." Stamped on clipping: "Mar 20 1975". Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Tribune.

Size: Original 10 x 7 B&W Print.

S#: 1996.10.0112

   
Date: 1975

Title: Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104) Living Room 1975.

Description: The Living Room ceiling is patterned and vaulted on the left, lowered on the right above the Fireplace. The Dining Room can be seen in the background. Stamped on verso: "Chicago Tribune, Photo by Ray Gora. Mar 10 1975". Clipping pasted to verso: "Expansive interior panoramas such as this are a hallmark of Wright’s houses. Mrs. Robert Head relaxes before fireplace of her home, the Cheney house. Tribune photo by Ray Gora." Acquired from the archives of the Chicago Tribune.

Size: Original 10 x 7 B&W photograph.

S#: 1996.14.0212

   
E) Edwin H. Cheney House (#20)
   
Date: 1992

Title: Cheney Residence (1903 - S.104), Dining Room

Description: Printed on verso: "Date: 10/16/92. Photographer: Michael Budrys. Location: 520 N. East Ave., Oak Park. Caption: A restored 1903-4 Frank Lloyd Wright Prairie style house, owned by Atty. Dale Smirl. Mr. Smirl has made it available as a bed and breakfast place for those who like the master’s architecture and interior design, with lighting and furniture. The open dining room area." Acquired from the archives of the Associated Press.

Size: Original 10.5 x 8.25 B&W print.

ST#: 1992.73.0511

   
   
   
BOOKS
 
The Morality of Women and Other Essays. We have identified four, possibly five versions of "The Morality of Woman", by Ellen Key, Translated from Swedish by Mamah Bouton Borthwick. All are dated 1911. All were printed by The Ralph Fletcher Seymour Co., in the Fine Arts Building, Chicago. Frank Lloyd Wright designed three stores in the building: Browne’s Bookstore (1907 - S.141), Thurber Art Galleries (1909 - S.154), and Mori Oriental Art Studio, (1914 - S.181). Wright himself located a studio in the Fine Arts Building from 1908 through 1910. The correct title of the book is "The Morality of Woman", and the spelling of Borthwick’s name is Mamah Bouton Borthwick.
       Version 1: Morality of Women. Namah Bouton Bothwick, dated 1911, 78 pages, no spine printing (mistake is underlined). Incorrect title, "Women" instead of "Woman". The name is also incorrectly
  spelled, "Namah" instead of "Mamah", and "Bothwick" instead of "Borthwick". This version is 78 pages long, and there is no printing on the spine.
       Version 2: Morality of Woman. Namah Bouton Borthwick, dated 1911, 78 pages, no spine printing. The title has been corrected. The first name is still incorrectly spelled, "Namah" instead of "Mamah", "Borthwick" has been corrected. This version is 78 pages long, and there is no printing on the spine.
       Version 3: Morality of Woman. Mamah Bouton Borthwick, dated 1911, 78 pages, no spine printing. The title and name have been corrected. This version is 78 pages long, and there is no printing on the spine.
       Version 4: Morality of Woman. Mamah Bouton Borthwick, 1911, 77 pages, the spine is imprinted with "The Morality of Woman - Key". The cover has a slightly larger Gold Printers Device. A slight variation in the serif type face used, the addition of one line per
  page (26 versus 25), and minor revisions caused the text to be one page shorter in length. According to Thomas Heinz, this version was published with a portrait of Ellen Key, possibly creating a fifth version.
       Original cover price $1.00. The Dec 23, 1911 issue of Publisher’s Weekly listed the price as $1.00. The March 1919 issue of Poetry Magazine, published by Seymour was still listed as $1.00. Besides the obvious miss-spellings, this may give us a clue as to the variations in the different editions. If it was originally published in 1911 by Seymour, and republished again, including 1919, but never indicating the editions, this could account for the additional editions. Seymour was a friend of Wright’s. He arranged for Seymour to publish this book as well as two other Ellen Key volumes Borthwick translated. In 1912 Seymour published Wright's first edition of "The Japanese Print".
 

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4
   
Date: 1911 (Version 1)

Title: The Morality of Woman and Other Essays. Authorized Translation From the Swedish, of Ellen Key. By Namah Bouton Bothwick (Mamah Bouton Borthwick). (Hard Cover) (Published by The Ralph Fletcher Seymour Co. Fine Arts Building, Chicago.) (Version 1)

Author: Key, Ellen; Bothwick, Namah Bouton (Borthwick, Mamah Bouton )

Description: In 1909, Wright and Borthwick left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year. Wright worked on his portfolio titled "Ausgefüührte Bauten und Entwüürfe von Frank Lloyd Wright". Borthwick spent her time translating the work of Ellen Key. After Wright’s return to the States from Europe, he presented three manuscripts to Ralph Fletcher Seymour, along with adequate funds to publish the three volumes. "The Morality of Women and Other Essays" (1911), "Love and Ethics" (1912) with Wright’s assistance, and "Torpedo Under the Ark; ‘Ibsen and Women" (1912). This volume included "The Morality of Women", "The Woman of the Future" and "The Conventional Woman". Borthwick also translated "The Woman Movement". According to Publishers Weekly, March 23, 1912, p1072, the original list price was $1.00. Two copies. (First Edition) (Sweeney 95)

Size: 5.4 x 8.7.

Pages: Pp 78

S#: 0095.01.1111, 0095.02.1117

   
Date: 1911 (Version 4)

Title: The Morality of Woman and Other Essays. Authorized Translation From the Swedish, of Ellen Key. By Mamah Bouton Borthwick. (Hard Cover) (Published by The Ralph Fletcher Seymour Co. Fine Arts Building, Chicago.) (Version 4)

Author: Key, Ellen; Borthwick, Mamah Bouton

Description: In 1909, Wright and Borthwick left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year. Wright worked on his portfolio titled "Ausgefüührte Bauten und Entwüürfe von Frank Lloyd Wright". Borthwick spent her time translating the work of Ellen Key. After Wright’s return to the States from Europe, he presented three manuscripts to Ralph Fletcher Seymour, along with adequate funds to publish the three volumes. "The Morality of Woman and Other Essays" (1911), "Love and Ethics" (1912) with Wright’s assistance, and "Torpedo Under the Ark; ‘Ibsen and Women" (1911). This volume included "The Morality of Woman", "The Woman of the Future" and "The Conventional Woman". Borthwick also translated "The Woman Movement". According to Publishers Weekly, March 23, 1912, p1072, the original list price was $1.00. 5.4 x 8.7. (First Edition) (Sweeney 95)

Size: 5.4 x 8.7

Pages: Pp 77

S#: 0095.00.0610

   
Date: 1912

Title: The Woman Movement. Translated by Mamah Bouton Borthwick, A.M. With an Introduction by Havelock Ellis. (Hard Cover) (Published by G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, The Knickerbocker Press)

Author: Key, Ellen; Borthwick, Mamah Bouton

Description: The Preface by Ellen Key is dated October 1, 1909. The introduction by Havelock Ellis is dated May 1, 1912. In 1909, Wright and Borthwick left their respective spouses and traveled to Europe, settling in Italy for about a year. Wright produced his portfolio titled "Ausgefüührte Bauten und Entwüürfe von Frank Lloyd Wright". Borthwick spent her time translating the work of Ellen Key. After Wright’s return to the States from Europe, he presented three manuscripts to Ralph Fletcher Seymour, along with adequate funds to publish the three volumes. "The Morality of Women and Other Essays" (1911), "Love and Ethics" (1912) with Wright’s assistance, and "Torpedo Under the Ark; ‘Ibsen and Women" (1912). This volume was published by G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London. (First Edition) (Sweeney 108)

Size: 5.5 x 7.75.

Pages: Pp 224

S#: 0108.00.0205

   
Date: Circa 1912

Title: Ellen Key (Portrait) Circa 1913

Author: Photograph by Florlag, Slenders, Copenhagen

Description: Clipping was found within a copy of "The Morality of Woman", Key, 1911. Text: "Ellen Key, of Sweden, Who Has Been Called the Greatest of Living Women." Photograph by Slenders Florlag, Copenhagen. The verso of the clipping: "By Anne Steese Richardson, Illustrated by Edwin F. Bayha." (Note: The January 1912 issue of Pictorial Review published a story, "Pals," By Anna Steese Richardson, Illustrated by Edwin F. Bayha.)

Size: 3.9 x 4.6

Pages: Pp 1

S#: 0114.15.0414

   
   
   
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