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BROADACRE CITY
 
 

Broadacre City was a plan for a decentralized community that Wright promoted endlessly from the 1930s to his death in 1959.  He believed that everyone should have at least an acre of land and the right to beautiful housing and carefully organized cities that were spread out, not like the congestion of places like New York, a town he insulted more than once.  Broadacre was shown publically for the first time April 15 to May 15, 1935 at the Industrial Arts Exposition in Rockefeller Center, New York.  It consisted of architectural models and a full model 12 by 12 feet in size, of Broadacre City itself, complete with tiny forests, homes, schools, factories, farms, and more!

 
Date: 1929

Title: St. Mark’s Tower in the Bouwerie (Project 1929).

Description: Side view and floor plan. Frank Lloyd Wright was commissioned in 1929 to design an apartment complex by his long term friend William Norman Guthrie, pastor of St. Mark’s in the Bouwerie. This was Wright’s first use of his Taproot foundation design. It became the Broadacre model and later resurrected for the Price Tower.

Size: Original 8 x 10 B&W photograph.

S#: 0228.22.0514

   
Date: 1930

Title: Wright at the Art Institute of Chicago, September 24-25, 1930.

Description: Wright stands to the right of the St. Mark’s in-the-Bouwerie Model on exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago, 1930. In 1929 Frank Lloyd Wright designed a group of four towers for St. Mark's-in-the- Bouwerie, New York City (project). The design featured an innovative "tap root" structure, with the floors cantilevered off a vertical core. The traveling exhibition entitled "The Show" at the Art Institute of Chicago, September 25 - October 12, 1930. "The Show" exhibited in New York City; Chicago; Eugene, Oregon; Seattle, Washington; several European cities; and Milwaukee’s Layton Gallery. It included 600 photographs, 1,000 drawings and four models (three of which were the Richard Lloyd Jones Residence, the Gas Station and St. Marks-in-the-Bouwerie Towers). To the left is the Wright designed Skyscraper Vase. Designed and executed circa 1905, it appeared in photographs of Wright’s 1907 exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago and published in "The Early Work" 1968, page 101-103, and measured 22.5 x 6.125 x 3.5.

Size: 7 x 10 B&W photograph.

S#: 0249.37.0614

   
Date: 1930

Title: St. Mark’s in-the-Bouwerie Model on exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago, 1930.

Description: In 1929 Frank Lloyd Wright designed a group of four towers for St. Mark's-in-the-Bouwerie, New York City (project). The design featured an innovative "tap root" structure, with the floors cantilevered off a vertical core. The traveling exhibition entitled "The Show" at the Art Institute of Chicago, September 25 - October 12, 1930. "The Show" exhibited in New York City; Chicago; Eugene, Oregon; Seattle, Washington; several European cities; and Milwaukee’s Layton Gallery. It included 600 photographs, 1,000 drawings and four models (three of which were the Richard Lloyd Jones Residence, the Gas Station and St. Marks-in-the-Bouwerie Towers). To the left is the Wright designed Skyscraper Vase. Designed and executed circa 1905, it appeared in photographs of Wright’s 1907 exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago and published in "The Early Work" 1968, page 101-103, and measured 22.5 x 6.125 x 3.5.

Size: Original 7 x 7.5 B&W photograph.

S#: 0249.31.0913

   
Date: 1930

Title: Wright exhibition at the Layton Art Gallery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1930.

Description: The exhibition opened late November 1930. St. Mark’s in-the-Bouwerie Model (1929 project) is proximately featured, as is the Gas Station Model in the foreground. The Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation dates this project 1932, but it is seen here in 1930 (see Wright 1917-1942, Pfeiffer, pages 217-218). To the left is the Wright designed Skyscraper Vase. Designed and executed circa 1905, it appeared in photographs of Wright’s 1907 exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago and published in "The Early Work" 1968, page 101-103, and measured 22.5 x 6.125 x 3.5. Behind the vase on the left and right are the Nakomis (left) and Nakoma (right) Sculptures, designed in 1924, photographed in 1926. While Wright is setting up the display he is interviewed and is quoted on Nov. 20, 1930, in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "It will take Milwaukee fully a century to recover from the influence of these buildings" (their new courthouse). A firestorm erupted in the Milwaukee press, which increased attendance at the exhibition. See "Layton’s Legacy" 2013, pages 219-221.

Size: Original 6.25 x 8 B&W photograph.

S#: 0249.32.0913

   
 
Wright handwritten note on verso
Date: 1935

Title: Broadacre City, 1935.  Model Homes. 

Description: Photographed by Dan Keller, Seidman Photo Service, New York.  Caption on verso, handwritten by Frank Lloyd Wright reads "Collateral Detail Model: A Two Car House, Two Minimum Houses and a Medium House."  Verification, Kelmscott Galleries; Leslie Hindman Auctioneers 1990, page 41 item 143;  Additional analysis "Frank Lloyd Wright and the Living City" De Long 1998, page 29.  As with the 1938 and 1948 Architectural Forum issues which Wright designed, wrote and coordinated, details such as captions and photo selection were handled by Wright.  Published in Architectural Record, April 1935 page 247;  Junior Red Cross Journal, Feb 1936, page 137. 

Size: Original 8 x 10 vintage silver gelatin photograph

0393.02.0107

   
 
Wright handwritten note on verso
Date: 1935

Title: Broadacre City, 1935.  Model Bridge. 

Description: Photographed by Dan Keller, Seidman Photo Service, New York.  Caption on verso, handwritten by Frank Lloyd Wright reads "Bridge Over Great Arterial Right of Way, Which Consists of Many Lanes of Speed Traffic Above, Monorail Speed Trains In the Middle, and Truck and Traffic on Lower Side Lanes.  Within the Highway Structures are Storage Facilities for Raw Material."  Verification, Kelmscott Galleries;  Leslie Hindman Auctioneers 1990, page 41 item 143;  Additional analysis "Frank Lloyd Wright and the Living City" De Long 1998, page 29.  As with the 1938 and 1948 Architectural Forum issues which Wright designed, wrote and coordinated, details such as captions and photo selection were handled by Wright.  Published in Architectural Record, April 1935 page 246. 

Size: Original 8 x 10 vintage silver gelatin photograph

0393.03.0107

   
Date: 1935

Title: St. Mark’s Tower (project) 1935.

Description: Cornelia Brierly with the St. Mark’s Tower model at the Kaufmann Department Store, Pittsburgh. It became part of the Broadacre City traveling exhibition. Brierly attended the exhibitions at the Kaufmann Department Store and Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C., talking with thousands of visitors each day, explaining Wright’s concepts of decentralization. Broadacre was shown publically for the first time from April 15 to May 15, 1935 at the Industrial Arts Exposition in Rockefeller Center, New York. It was next exhibited in the museum of the State Historical Library in Madison, Wisconsin. From there it went to Kaufmann's Department Store in Pittsburg, Kaufmann being Broadacre's benefactor. It next moved to Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C., made possible by Mrs. Avery Coonley. It headed back to Taliesin then was displayed at the Mineral Point Iowa County Fair in September. Photographed by N. M. Jeannero, Pittsburgh Post Gazette.

Size: Original 7.5 x 9.5 B&W photograph.

S#: 0397.20.0913

   
Date: 1953

Title: 1) #47: St. Mark’s Tower Model, New York City, 1929.

Description: During the summer of 1935 Wright and his apprentices constructed a 12 foot square model of Broadacre City, including the large model of St. Marks Tower (1929 project), consisting of two-story apartments, built of copper, glass and concrete, constructed with a central core and cantilevered floor slabs. This model was exhibited in 1940, at the MOMA exhibited "Frank Lloyd Wright, American Architect". Photograph of model is published in "Frank Lloyd Wright / Sixty Years of Living Architecture" (Zurich), 1952, page 24, "Frank Lloyd Wright: 60 Jabre Architektur" (Germany) 1952, page 33, and "The Future of Architecture" Wright, 1953, page 271. This later became the Price Tower (1952 - S.355).

Size: 3.25 x 4.5 sepia tone photograph, faded and out of focus.

S#: 0987.49.0813

   
Date: 1963

Title: Broadacre City, City Dweller’s Unit

Description: Broadacre City, City Dweller’s Unit, Broadacre City Model, 1963. Caption pasted to verso: "City Dweller’s Unit, Broadacre City Model from 'The Future of Architecture' by Frank Lloyd Wright. A Mentor paperback. March 1963, Credit Roy E. Peterson." Published in "The Future of Architecture" Wright, 1953, p270. Photographed by Roy E. Peterson.

Size: Original 4 x 6.2 B&W photograph.

1565.24.0111
   

Date: 1995

Title: Frank Lloyd Wright: The Phoenix Papers. Volume I: Broadacre City (Published by the Herberger Center for Design Excellence, College of Architecture and Environmental Design, Arizona State University ; Tucson, Ariz. Tempe, AZ . Distributed by the University of Arizona Press.)

Author: Project Editor Zygas, Paul K.

Description: "Thirty-five years after his death, interest in his creative work, accomplished over a period of more than seventy years, is at an all-time high..." A compilation of essays from a symposium hosted by Arizona State University on February 2, 1991, and an exhibition February 2, 1991 to present (1994). Authors include: Gary Herberger, John Meunier, H. Allen Brooks, K. Paul Zygas, Peter G. Rowe, John Sergeant, Lionel March, Grady Gammage, Jr., Ignacio San Martin, Frederick Steiner, Max Underwood, and an interview with Cornelia Brierly. (First Edition)

Size: 7 x 14

Pages: Pp 162

ST#: 1995.59.0112

   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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