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Wright Studies

Nakoma Country Club/Nakoma Memorial Gateway (1923/1924 - 2001)

 
  NAKOMA COUNTRY CLUB 1923    NAKOMA MEMORIAL GATEWAY 1924    NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 1930  
  NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 1950s    NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 1974    NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 1977  
  NAKOMA CLUBHOUSE MODEL 1988    NAKOMA CLUBHOUSE, NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 2001    FURNITURE & FABRIC 2001 
  NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 2004    NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 2011    NAKOMA CLUBHOUSE, NAKOMA & NAKOMIS 2012 
  NAKOMA CLUBHOUSE & SCULPTURES 2013    BIBLIOGRAPHY 
 
 
"Frank Lloyd Wright's Nakoma Clubhouse & Sculptures." A comprehensive study of Wright’s Nakoma Clubhouse and the Nakoma and Nakomis Sculptures. Now Available. Limited Edition. More information.
 
 

Nakoma Country Club 1923

     
Madison, Wisconsin, was as close to what Wright would call a home town. In 1878 when he was 11 years old his family settled in Madison. He lived there until 1887 when he moved to Oak Park. One of his earliest projects was remodeling Rocky Roost (1893), a cottage on Lake Mendota, owned by his boyhood friend Robert Lamp. That same year he designed the Lake Mendota and the Lake Monona Boathouses. Ten years later, in 1903, Robert Lamp called on Wright to design a home for him in Madison. Wright also designed the Gilmore Residence in 1908.
       Near the turn of the century, Madison experienced remarkable growth. To meet the ever increasing housing demands, farms were platted for subdivisions, including Wingra Park in the early 1890’s, University Heights in 1893, Oakland Heights and Randall Park in 1896. By 1910, West Lawn, Highland Park and Edgewood Park were included. At first, home sales were slow due to insufficient transportation. But as automobile ownership increased, so did the sales of outlying lots.
       The first lots in the Nakoma subdivision became available in 1915 for $325 to $700. Nakoma is a Chippewa word which means “I do as I promise” or “I keep my word.” A drive through the neighborhood would reveal streets named Chippewa, Hiawatha, Cherokee, Seneca, Yuma, Council Crest and, of course, Nakoma. As sales increased, the Nakoma Country Club was established on land adjacent to the subdivision, nestled on the shore of Lake Wingra. For inspiration and design ideas for their clubhouse, some members may have visited the River Forest Golf Club in Illinois, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1898.
       During 1923, while Frank Lloyd Wright was at Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin, he was visited by members of the Nakoma Country Club. They asked him to visit their property
  and then commissioned him to design the clubhouse plans.
Preliminary drawings for the Clubhouse were presented to the Board of Directors near the end of 1923. Wright utilized an American Indian theme and designed the clubhouse to represent a cluster of wigwams.
       In 1923, Frank Lloyd Wright designed four homes in California utilizing his textile-block system (right). One of the options Wright presented to Nakoma utilized his textile-block system. Wright’s estimated cost to complete the Clubhouse was $70,000. The initial drawings were enthusiastically embraced and Wright was given the go ahead to complete his drawings and present them to the club membership.
       In August of the following year, Wright presented his drawings to the club members. The focal point of his design was a large pyramid-shaped room he labeled “Wigwam.” At the heart of the immense room was a centrally located fireplace he labeled “Campfire.” The plans were well received, and Wright was paid for his services, but his Nakoma Clubhouse was not built.
In 1929 the Nakoma Country Club began construction of their clubhouse designed by another architect at a significantly reduced cost. One can only speculate as to why Wright’s design was rejected. It could have been the economy. As it slowed, they may have adopted a more conservative budget. Alternatively, the Nakoma Country Club may have been concerned about their public image. The Nakoma subdivision was advertised as “an ideal place to raise a family.” From 1925 through 1928, Wright’s second wife Miriam Noel mercilessly tormented and hounded him publicly. Their relationship was quite tumultuous. Coupled with Wright’s financial difficulties, the family-friendly Nakoma Country Club may have wanted to avoid the adverse publicity.
     
Frank Lloyd Wright's original perspective for the Nakoma Country Club, 1923. Courtesy of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
 
Frank Lloyd Wright's original perspective for the Nakoma Country Club, 1923. Courtesy of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
 
Nakoma Golf Resort Clubhouse, Clio, California. Copyright Douglas M. Steiner, 2012.
     

Nakoma Clubhouse Floor Plan 1924. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Courtesy of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation. Illustration adapted by Douglas M. Steiner, 2012.

 

Nakoma Clubhouse Floor Plan 2001. The architects at Taliesin used the floor plan and elevations from the original drawings, but adapted the interior spaces to accommodate the Resorts requirements. Courtesy of the Taliesin Architects. Illustration adapted by Douglas M. Steiner, 2012.

     
     
     

Nakoma Memorial Gateway 1924

     
Although the Nakoma Memorial Gateway was related to and was to be within eyesight of the Nakoma Country Club Clubhouse, it was a separate project. When the Nakoma Subdivision was developed in 1915 by the Madison Realty Company, Paul E. Stark became the sales agent. He was on the Board of Directors for both the Nakoma County Club and, in the early 1920s, the Madison Realty Company. There were also others who were members of both boards. Wright was commissioned by the Country Club for the Clubhouse, and by the developers of the subdivision for Nakoma and Nakomis. Madison Reality took a number of steps to promote sales in the new Nakoma subdivision. They built a new school in 1917, spending $15,000, and set aside land for parks. Transportation to “outlying” subdivisions was lacking, so they created the first private bus line in Madison.
       The Madison Realty Company determined to utilize the Nakoma theme and honor the American Indian. The Nakoma Memorial Gateway was planned for the intersection of Nakoma Road and Manitou Way.
       The Memorial Gateway is only one example of Wright’s appreciation of the American Indian heritage. John Lloyd Wright wrote, “Giannini from Italy painted American Indians in
  brilliant colors on the walls of Papa’s bedroom... Papa liked Indians!” (My Father Who is on Earth, 1946, page 34) Three American Indian murals were painted on walls in Frank Lloyd Wright’s Oak Park home in 1895.
       Frank Lloyd Wright’s drawings for the project were comprehensive. They included birds-eye perspectives, plot plans, front, back and side views. The plan was comprised of two pools. The upper pool, “Nakomis Plateau,” included the 18 foot rectangular Chieftain Nakomis which Wright described as “teaching his young son to take the bow to the Sun God.” The lower pool, “Nakoma Basin,” included the 16 foot circular Nakoma, which Wright described with “brimming bowl and children, symbolic of domestic virtue.” Like Wright’s earlier Dana House “Crannied Wall” and Midway Gardens figures, both Nakoma and Nakomis were characteristically abstract and geometric in shape.
       Wright’s plans were well received by the Madison Realty Company. Models created by Wright were photographed on August 3, 1926. But in a letter dated August 4, 1926, the project was rejected due to the cost. Wright refused to scale down the plans, and the Gateway project was abandoned.
     
Frank Lloyd Wright's original perspective for the Memorial Gateway to Nakoma, 1924. Courtesy of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
 
     
     

Nakoma and Nakomis (Morgan) 1930

     
Terra-cotta Nakoma and Nakomis sets were created in 1929-1930. Frank Lloyd Wright’s project number for the Nakoma Sculptures was 2906, dating it as 1929. Wright’s original models were possibly used to create the mold for the terra-cotta sets. Of interest is Charles L. Morgan’s involvement to create “a few black sets” of the Nakoma and Nakomis in 1930. (FLW and Madison, 1990, page 88).
       Not only an architect, Charles Leonard Morgan (1890-1947) had a reputation as an excellent artist. Frank Lloyd Wright was working on the National Life Insurance Company project in 1924-1925. Wright sought Morgan’s help in preparing a series of perspective drawings for the project.
       Due to financial difficulties, Frank Lloyd Wright was incorporated in 1927. He wrote in An Autobiography that “many stories of this incorporation of myself appeared. An idea gained credence that my financial troubles were over. That I could now work with no financial harassments or restrictions...” "An Autobiography" (1932, page 294). Donald Johnson writes that Wright tried to establish a series of partnerships with architects in Chicago, New York, Phoenix and Los Angeles. "Frank Lloyd Wright Versus America" 1990, page 11. One of the “Associates,” as Wright called them, was Charles L. Morgan. Wright continued in his Autobiography, “Charlie Morgan came forward, as a volunteer, and interested others.”
       In a letter to Morgan on December 12, 1929, Wright clarified the relationship. “I have never entered into any partnership agreement and probably never shall, being totally unfitted for that type of co-operation. I prefer ‘association’...” Wright details a fee schedule and concludes with, “All contracts should be made and plans too, in the name of ...  More information...
 
Nakoma (left) and Nakomis (right). Terra-cotta Figures. 12.25 and 18 inches high. Courtesy of Christie's.
     
     
     
     

Nakoma and Nakomis (Drago) 1950s

     
During the early 1950s, Prince Giovanni Del Drago became an apprentice at Taliesin. His family was one of the oldest and most illustrious in Italy, primarily achieved when his grandfather married the daughter of the Queen of Spain.
       Del Drago’s father, Don Giovanni, immigrated to the United States in 1904 when he was 22 years old. At 27, he married Mrs. Josephine Schmid, the wealthy widow of the founder of the Lion Brewery. She was 23 years older than he was.
         Giovanni Del Drago was 21 when he became a Taliesin apprentice. His interests were architecture and the arts. As an apprentice, he reproduced the Nakoma and Nakomis sculptures. “I remember working on them in Arizona during the winter of 1955-1956 under Mr. Wright’s guidance, casting them in concrete and gilding them in the studio of a sculptor in Phoenix,” he recalled.
       Today the sculptures can be found at Taliesin, Spring Green.
     
     
     

Nakoma and Nakomis (Hubbard) 1974

     
According to Thomas Nelson Hubbard, he was given a set of Nakoma and Nakomis terra-cotta statues by his father, Willis W. Hubbard. Willis, an architect in the Chicago area, told him that he received the statues as a gift from the Otis Elevator Company.
       Born in February 1931, Thomas graduated from Yale in 1953. After serving in the Army, he worked for Rand McNally & Company for nine years. He then formed his own company, Hubbard Scientific, the largest manufacturer of raised relief maps in the United States. After selling the company in 1973, he formed Crystal Productions, producing and publishing educational art and science resource materials. He was a talented watercolor artist, specializing in landscape, fly fishing and wildlife scenes.
       To commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the original design, Thomas Hubbard contacted the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation
  and was granted a license to produce bronze sculptures in December 1973. Molds were created from the original terra-cotta sculptures created in 1929-30. The first bronze sets were produced by the Shidoni Foundry in Tesuque, New Mexico. The original list price was $1,650. The license specified that upon the production of 500 bronze sets, the molds would be destroyed.
       Hubbard and The Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation also published the 12 page booklet "Indian Memorials". It included a short biography of Wright, examples of Wright’s Dana House, Midway Gardens and Imperial Hotel sculptures, Wright’s original drawings of the Nakoma and Nakomis, and photographs of the two new bronze sculptures.
       Approximately 200 sets have been produced, and sets are still available from the Zaplin/Lampert...   Continued...
     
     
     
     

Nakoma and Nakomis (S.C. Johnson) 1977

     
In July 1936, construction was set to start on the SC Johnson global headquarters. But third generation leader H. F. Johnson, Jr. wanted a new, more modern approach. Frank Lloyd Wright was commissioned to design the company’s new Administration Building in Racine, Wisconsin. Designed in 1936, the Administration Building was completed on April 22, 1939. Wright commented, “I believe this is one of the best built buildings, technically, anywhere in the world. And I regard it not only a thoroughly modern piece of work but more nearly exemplifying the ideal of an organic architecture than any other I have built.” Architects have called it the greatest contribution to business housing since the advent of the skyscraper. It is designed with rounded corners and dendriform columns. Forty-three miles of glass tubing allows soft natural light to illuminate the great room.
       During the construction of the Administration Building, Johnson also commissioned Wright to design his expansive home Wingspread in 1937. Although apprehensive, he commissioned Wright again to design a new research and development building. The Research Tower was designed in 1944, construction began in 1947 and opening ceremonies were held on November 17, 1950.
       In 1976, at the direction of H. F. Johnson, Jr., Nakoma and Nakomis sculptures were commissioned for installation on the headquarter grounds of SC Johnson. Under the direction of William Wesley Peters and Heloise Crista Swaback, they were carved by Italian sculptors Flaviano Cenderelli and Bruno Borgioli of Kotecki Monuments in Ohio. The granite was quarried in Cold Spring, Minnesota.
       Edward Kotecki III recalls, “I was very apprehensive about the project. But my father Edward Kotecki Jr. was excited with the challenge. And besides, there were no other sculptors in the county with the capability to complete such a monumental project.” Life-size plaster marquettes were created by Fritz
 


Courtesy of S.C. Johnson.

Carpenter in Racine. Each sculpture was constructed in two pieces. Once carving began, they discovered the specified granite was so hard and dense that it would be more difficult and time consuming than anticipated. It took two years and 6,000 man-hours to complete the pair of sculptures.
       “Our sculptors were so skilled, that when Nakoma and Nakomis were assembled for the first time at SC Johnson’s headquarters, the fit was so perfect, it needed very little modification,” remembered Edward.
       For the first time in more than 50 years, the full size sculptures were created as Wright had originally intended. The Nakoma sculpture is 12 feet tall and weighs 12 tons. The Nakomis sculpture is nearly 18 feet tall and weighs nearly 40 tons. Both were carved from charcoal gray Cold Spring, Minnesota granite, and adorn the courtyard of the SC Johnson Research Tower.
       The sculptures were installed in 1979. “My father, Edward Kotecki Jr., as well as our sculptors have passed,” said Edward III. “Creating sculptures like these are a lost art.”

     
 
     
     
     

Nakoma Country Club Model 1988

     
Sixty-five years after Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Nakoma Clubhouse, a three-dimensional model was commissioned by the Elvehjem Museum of Art in Madison, Wisconsin (presently the Chazen Museum of Art). The model was constructed for the 1988 exhibition "Frank Lloyd Wright and Madison: Eight Decades of Artistic and Social Interaction".
        Bruce Severson restored a number of existing Wright models and created two new models for the exhibition. The two new models included the Lake Mendota Boathouse — built in 1893, demolished in 1926 — and the Nakoma Clubhouse, which was designed in 1923, but never built. “I was practicing architecture in Madison at the time, and moonlighting as a model builder,” said Severson. “The Museum approached me and asked if I would present a bid for the project. After winning the bid, I took a sabbatical from my practice to restore and build the models for
  the exhibition. I have been building models ever since.
        “Nakoma is an all wood model built at a scale of 1/8’ = 1’, based on plans provided by Taliesin,” Severson said. “I redrew it to the scale I was building and filled in missing information based on the drawings. The building consists of numerous sub-assemblies that are held together with hidden fasteners, a technique I used mainly to keep control of the rather complex interaction of the geometry and joinery.”15
        The model was also included in
"Frank Lloyd Wright Retrospective", a major Japanese exhibition that took place at four different locations in 1991.
        The completion of these models led Severson to other Wright projects over the years, such as the restoration of Wright’s original Broadacre City for the 1995 exhibition Frank Lloyd Wright: Architect, at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
     
 
Three dimensional model of the Frank Lloyd Wright design for the Nakoma Country Club. Courtesy of Bruce Severson and the Chazen Museum of Art.
     
     
     

Nakoma Golf Resort Clubhouse, Nakoma & Nakomis 2001

     
Dariel and Peggy Garner. In the 1970’s, the Garners created a small computer software company for the banking industry. It grew from 1 office to 16 offices across the country. Tiring of the hectic schedule, they sold the company, retired and moved to a remote area of La Paz on Mexico’s Baja Peninsula. There they discovered that watercress grew naturally and plentifully in the area and were soon harvesting it for distribution to Southern California stores and restaurants. Their entrepreneurial spirit blossomed into a 6,000 acre farm pioneering gourmet baby and specialty vegetables, supplying niche-market produce to North America and the rest of the world.
       Upon retiring a second time in the early 1990s, they set
  out in search of the ideal place to build their dream home. After exploring the country, they found it in the High Sierras on Gold Mountain in Northern California. They purchased 1,280 acres, two square miles, about an hour northwest of Reno and Lake Tahoe. Unwilling to retire, plans were made for a resort, golf course and subdivision. Of the 427 building sites, 27 sold within the first month. Two-acre wooded lots started at $70,000.
       The Garners contacted the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation and began working with the Taliesin Architects in 1995. During a planning meeting they were shown the original Nakoma clubhouse plans. “When they showed us Mr. Wright’s design for Nakoma, we fell in love with it,” said Peggy. They... More information...
     

Text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2012. All photographs courtesy of the Taliesin Architects.
     
     
     

Nakoma Clubhouse Furniture and Fabric 2001

     

Nakoma Clubhouse. Nakoma Clubhouse Furniture and Fabric. Road Trip. During the beginning of June, 2015, we were notified that the Nakoma Golf Resort in Clio, California, was retiring and selling off the original furniture designed by John Rattenbury and the Taliesin Architects in 2001. Like the collaboration between Frank Lloyd Wright and George Niedecken during the beginning of the nineteenth century, Rattenburg was an apprentice and worked closely with Wright. John Rattenbury became a member of the Taliesin Fellowship in 1950, worked with Frank Lloyd Wright for nearly a decade. He worked on 60 of Wrights projects, including the Guggenheim Museum, the Gammage Auditorium and the Marin County Civic Center.
       In 1959, Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Lykes Residence, his last residential work. As John Rattenbury describes it, "After

 

studying the topographic map, Wright set it aside for a while and worked on other projects. He always allowed an idea to germinate before committing to it to paper. The next morning he quickly sketched a plan on the map... With a panoramic view in mind, and considering the shape of the natural plateau, he drew two overlapping circles... After a while, Wright got up from his desk and walked out of the studio. He never returned. The next day he was in the hospital with an intestinal problem..." A Living Architecture, Rattenbury, 2000, p.247-250. Working drawings were completed in 1966 by Rattenbury, who had worked closely with Mr. Wright on the initial plans and supervised the construction of the home. He designed the furniture and built-ins, adapted from the original plans created by Wright before his death.
       A few notable projects he was ... Continue...

     

Photographs and text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2016.
     
     
     

Nakoma & Nakomis 2004 (Nichols)

     
Nichols Brothers Stoneworks was involved in creating the original Nakoma and Nakomis sculptures for the Nakoma Golf Resort in Northern California.
       According to D. R. Hendel of Nichols Bros., they were contacted in 2001 to create a set for the Nakoma Golf Resort. Because a full sized set already existed at the SC Johnson Headquarters in Racine, Wisconsin, this set would be created at 90% of the original height, 11 1/2 and 16 feet tall. Sculptor Ivy Nichols created full size sculptures out of plaster. Rubber molds was formed around the plaster sets. Finally concrete was poured into the molds and left to dry for two weeks before the molds were removed. Nakoma and Nakomis were transported to California and placed on pedestals that were awaiting their arrival. Once installed, the set was painted gold, much like one of the 1929-30 terra-cotta sets and the 1955 Giovanni Del Drago set.
       After successfully creating and installing the set at the Resort, they obtained a license from the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation in 2004 to produce and sell sets in two different sizes. The smaller Nakoma and Nakomis set is 24” and 36” respectively, and the larger sets are 36” and 54”. Cast in reconstituted stone, the smaller set is available in cream, the larger sets in five different colors.
 
     
     
     

Nakoma & Nakomis 2011 (HF Coors)

     
HF Coors Company was founded in 1925 by Herman Franklin Coors, son of the renowned brewer. In 2003, it was acquired by Catalina China, Inc. of Tucson, Arizona.
       Near the beginning of 2011, HF Coors was licensed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation to create a dinnerware collection featuring the “Whirling Arrow” pattern. The license expanded to include the ceramic Nakoma and Nakomis.
       Molds were created from an original 1974 Hubbard set. The size reduction is due to shrinkage during the drying process. Nakoma stands 10 1/2”, and Nakomis 15 1/2”. Both are slate gray.
 
     
     
     

Nakoma Golf Resort Clubhouse, Nakoma & Nakomis 2012

     
Entrance and the Nakoma Basin. Frank Lloyd Wright’s work never ceases to amaze and inspire me, even 53 years past his death. In October 2012, my wife and I had the opportunity to visit the Nakoma Golf Resort, located northwest of Reno, on the northern end of the Sierra-Nevada Mountain Range in California. One year earlier, my nephew Caleb Olsen, Golf Pro and General Manager at Nakoma, called, “You will never guess where I’m working.”
       As we turned onto Bear Run Drive I had to smile. Very clever of the Taliesin Architects. Fallingwater, one of Wright’s most famous homes, is built over a stream called Bear Run. Another street is named Fallingwater. My first surprise was to glimpse
   what I had only visualized from Wright’s illustrations created nearly 90 years earlier. Just to the right of the drive were massive statues, placed in a pond, the closest I have seen to how Wright had originally envisioned them. My wife told me to settle down.
       Wright’s original drawings for the Nakoma and Nakomis statues, known as the “Nakoma Memorial Gateway,” originally placed them in two separate pools. The upper pool, “Nakomis Plateau,” included the 18-foot rectangular chieftain Nakomis. The lower pool, “Nakoma Basin,” included the 16 -foot circular Nakoma. In deference to the full sized SC Johnson Headquarters’ 1976 statues, these were created at ninety percent of the original height: 16 and 11 1/2 feet respectively...  More information...
     

Photographs and text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2012.

     
     
Nakoma Clubhouse Exterior. Frank Lloyd Wright’s ability to blend building with nature is not lost with his design of the Nakoma Clubhouse. As you approach, the Clubhouse blends, flows and grows from its site. When Wright presented his drawings for the clubhouse to the Nakoma Country Club members, Madison, Wisconsin, the Wisconsin State Journal called the clubhouse “the most unique building of its kind in America.” Ninety years later, those words are prophetic.
       The original Nakoma subdivision, now part of Madison, was created in 1915. Developers gave it a theme honoring Native Americans. Nakoma is a Chippewa word meaning “I do as I promise.” Driving through the neighborhood would reveal streets named Chippewa, Hiawatha, Cherokee, Ottawa, Seneca, Yuma, Council Crest and Nakoma. Community meetings were called “councils.” Women’s groups set up “tribes.” As sales increased,
  the Nakoma Country Club was established on land adjacent to the subdivision.
       Wright chose to embrace the American Indian theme and designed the Clubhouse to represent a cluster of wigwams. The focal point of his design was a large teepee shaped room he named “Wigwam.” At the heart of this immense room was a centrally located fireplace he labeled “Campfire.”
       Native American symbols are prevalent in every aspect of the design. When taken as a whole, it dazzles the eye. Besides the many teepee shapes, of which there are five, other Native American symbols are prevalent. Early Native Americans would create patterns using the “chevron,” an inverted “V,” connecting them end to end. This pattern is present in many details of the Nakoma Clubhouse. Wright also added horizontal bands of copper to the teepees. They were decorated with...  More information...
     
   

Photographs and text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2012.

     
     
Nakoma Clubhouse Interior. Entering the dining room is an exhilarating and inspiring experience. At the center of Wright’s design is the octagonal “Wigwam Room.” Above its walls, the massive roof reaches an enclosed interior height of 40 feet above a natural flagstone floor. At the center of the dining room is the majestic stone “Campfire” incorporating two rotated squares. The hearth opens on all four sides.
       Surrounding the room above stone walls on all eight sides of the interior is a 17-foot high intricate Indian-motif frieze. The color scheme includes blue, green, gold and natural wood. It is accented by giant clerestory art glass windows.
       Wright was a master at sculpting a simple sheet of plywood. In 1937 Wright designed an elaborate plywood mural for
   the office of Edgar Kaufmann of Fallingwater. It was dismantled in 1955, and given to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London in 1973. Other wall designs include Midway Gardens (1913), the Imperial Hotel (1915) and homes like the Coonley Residence (1907) and Hollyhock House (1917).
       The exposed beams create geometric patterns and bring to mind the drafting room truss structure at Taliesin. The craftsman were so skilled, it is hard to believe that the beams are not solid wood but steel beams encased in wood.
       The immense clerestory art glass windows mimic the shape of the wigwam and chimney. They are nearly 10 feet wide and are 13 feet tall. The 7.5 foot high stone walls are dwarfed by the immensity of the wigwam.   More information...
     
     

Photographs and text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2012.

 
 
Text by Douglas M. Steiner, Copyright 2012
 
 

Frank Lloyd Wright's Nakoma Clubhouse & Sculptures 2013

     

"Frank Lloyd Wright's Nakoma Clubhouse & Sculptures." A comprehensive study of Wright’s Nakoma Clubhouse and the Nakoma and Nakomis Sculptures. In 1923, Frank Lloyd Wright presented drawings for a clubhouse to the Nakoma Country Club, which was adjacent to the Nakoma subdivision in Madison, Wisconsin. Nakoma was a Chippewa word that meant "I do as I promise." The Wisconsin State Journal called the Wright clubhouse "the most unique building of its kind in America." It would take nearly 75 years for this masterpiece to come to fruition. "Frank Lloyd Wright’s Nakoma Clubhouse and Sculptures, A Historic Perspective" sheds light on their inception, terra-cotta, bronze and granite sculptures, an apprentice prince, exhibitions and finally completion. Nearly 100 images. A limited edition.

More information

     
     

Bibliography

 
Items related to Nakoma Clubhouse and Scupltures
 
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"Color Sketches: Spain, France, England", Morgan, 1927.
"An Autobiography", Wright, 1932, Page 294.
"In The Nature of Materials: 1887 - 1941, The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright", Hitchcock, 1942, Plates 267-268.
"My Father Who is on Earth", Wright, 1946, Page 34.
"Schumacher’s Taliesin Line of Decorative Fabrics and Wallpaper", 1955.
"Nakoma, Nakomis, Winnebago Indian Memorials", Hubbard, 1974.
"Frank Lloyd Wright Kelmscott Gallery", Elliot, 1981, Page 40.
"Wright’s Nakoma Country Club: An Unrealized Madison Masterpiece", Hamilton, The Journal of Historic Madison, Volume VII: 1981-82, Pages 2-14.
"Letters to Architects, Frank Lloyd Wright", Wright; Pfeiffer, 1984, Page 79-80.
"The Wright Legend in Madison. A major exhibition about Frank Lloyd Wright", Gruber, On Wisconsin, December 1987, Pages 1, 6-7.
"Frank Lloyd Wright and Madison: Eight Decades of Artistic and Social Interaction", Hamilton, 1990, Pages 77-88.
"Frank Lloyd Wright Versus America, The 1930s", Johnson, 1990, Page 11.
"Frank Lloyd Wright Retrospective", Mainichi Newspapers, 1991, Figures 157-158, 199.
"Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography", Secrest, 1992, Page 501.
"Frank Lloyd Wright & The Book Arts", Hamilton, 1993, Page 88.
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"Frank Lloyd Wright: Designs for American Landscape 1922-1932", Delong, 1996, Pages 65-67.
"Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan and the Skyscraper", Hoffmann, 1998, Page 61.
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"Frank Lloyd Wright’s Monona Terrace", Mollenhoff; Hamilton, 1999, Pages 74-76.
"Treasures of Taliesin", Pfeiffer, 1999, Pages
"Clubhouse Opens at Gold Mountain", Frank Lloyd Wright Quarterly, Summer 2001, Pages 28-29.
"Nakoma. A Mountain Retreat Built around a Wrightian Dream", Hall, Architectural Digest, November 2002, Pages
"Nakoma is Built. Taliesin Architects Adapts Wright’s", Taliesin Fellows Newsletter, October 15, 2002, Page 3.
"Resurrecting Wright’s Vision", Adams, Stone & Tile Design, Fall 2002, Pages 62-66.
"The Nakoma Neighborhood", Heggland, 2002
"The Nakomis and Nakoma Stautes", Owings, Frank Lloyd Wright Quarterly, Fall 2006, Pages 14-17, 20.
“Taliesin Reconsidered. Burnishing the Treasure that is Frank Lloyd Wright’s Masterwork", Webb, Architectural Digest, May 2004, Pages 294-295.
"Pedro E. Guerrero, A Photographer's Journey", Guerrero, 2007, page 60-61.
"The Reawakening of the Dragon, Nakoma Golf Resort", Stewart, Golf & Lifestyle, Sept/Oct 2010, Pages 28-33.
 
 
Additional Wright Studies
 
SEE ADDITIONAL WRIGHT STUDIES
 
Frank Lloyd Wright's First Published Article (1898)
 
Photographic Chronology of Frank Lloyd Wright Portraits
 
"Frank Lloyd Wright's Nakoma Clubhouse & Sculptures." A comprehensive study of Wright’s Nakoma Clubhouse and the Nakoma and Nakomis Sculptures. Now Available. Limited Edition. More information.
 
 
 

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